Australian States and Territories
AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY
The Australian Capital Territory was once a part of southern New South Wales and was excised in the 1920's as the site of the National Capital because of its location between Melbourne and Sydney, the two largest cities in Australia.
The Capital, and really the only town or city is Canberra.

Total area: 2,358 sq. km.
Population: 308,000 (1996)
Approximate width west to east: 25km.
Approximate height, north to south:50km
Highest point: Mt Ainslee
NEW SOUTH WALES
New South Wales is Australia's oldest state and was first settled in 1788 at Sydney. It was the site for the 2000 Olympic Games
Largest cities:
Sydney
Newcastle
Wollongong
Wagga Wagga
Total area: 800,628 sq. km.
Population: 6,204,000 (1996)
Approximate width west to east: 1,000 km
Approximate height, north to south: 1,000 km (coast)
Highest point: Mt Kusciusco
NORTHERN TERRITORY
The Northern Territory passed from South Australia to the Federal Government in 1911 and, despite forming its own government in 1978, is still administered from Canberra.
A referendum of Northern Territorians held in conjuction with territory elections in 1998 for it to move towards statehood was defeated by a slim majority.
Largest cities:
Darwin
Alice Springs
Katherins
Tennant Creek
Total area: 1,335,742 sq. km.
Population: 182,000 (1996)
Approximate width west to east: 950 km
Approximate height, north to south: 1500km
Highest point: Mt. Gillen (MacDonnell Ranges)
QUEENSLAND
Queensland is Australia's Sunshine State and includes the Great Barrier Reef, Sunshine Coast, and Gold Coast. The far north is tropical and subject to cyclones which the south is more temperate.

Largest cities:
Brisbane
Cairns
Toowoomba
Mackay
Total area: 1,723,936 sq. km.
Population: 3,339,000 (1996)
Approximate width west to east: 1,000
Approximate height, north to south: 2,000
Highest point:
SOUTH AUSTRALIA
South Australia is recognised as the driest state in the driest continent on earth, a reputation which belies an extensive agricultural base and the fact a large portion of Australia's largest river passes through it.
In the north vast salt lakes and deserts give it its reputation, while the mid north, eastern and south eastern areas are rich and fertile.
Largest cities:
Adelaide
Whyalla
Mount Gambier
Port Augusta
Total area: 978,810 sq. km.
Population: 1,474,000 (1996)
Approximate width west to east: 800km
Approximate height, north to south: 1300km
Highest point:
Lowest point: Lake Eyre

TASMANIA
Tasmania is known as the "Apple Isle" and offers some of the best scenery and attractions of Australia.
Green and fertile it is a major primary producer of apples, hops, small fruits, potatos and more recently has earned a growing reputation for its late picked, fruity wines.
Kimg Island in Bass Strait is renowned for its cheeses and small-goods.

Largest cities:
Hobart
Launceston
Total area:64,519 sq. km.
Population: 475,000 (1996)
Approximate width west to east: 200km.
Approximate height, north to south: 200km.
Highest point: Mt Ossa
VICTORIA
Claiming the title of the "Garden State", Victoria is the smallest mainland state and one of the most prolific producers of grain, vegetables, citrus and grapes.
Primary industry includes sheep, wool and beef, and products range from tobacco to sultanas. The north-west of the state is semi-arid to arid, while the south west, central and eastern areas are rich and fertile.
It is separated from New South Wales by the Murray River which flows for the majority of its northern boundary.
It includes the Great Ocean Road, the Grampians, Wilsons Promontory, and the southern portion of the Australian Alps.
Largest cities:
Melbourne
Geelong
Ballarat
Bendigo
Total area: 227,010 sq. km.
Population: 4,561,000 (1996)
Approximate width west to east:
Approximate height, north to south:
Highest point: Mt Hotham
WESTERN AUSTRALIA
Western Australia tends to think of itself as a place apart from the rest of Australia and this leads to the attractive and independent attitude of its population
It is Australia's largest state, with most of it harsh and uninhabitable, while the coastal and south western sections contain 95% of the population.
Massive hard wood forests, wineries, fruits of every type, and a wealth of minerals, especially gold and diamonds are the backbone of its economy, while massive cattle stations rival those of anywhere.

Largest cities:
Perth
Fremantle
Albany
Esperance
Total area: 2,526,786 sq. km.
Population: 1,474,000 (1996)
Approximate width west to east: 2,500km.
Approximate height, north to south: 3,500km.
Highest point:
NORFOLK ISLAND
Norfolk Island is located south-east of Sydney and 1500km. off the shore.
Developed as a penal setlement, and populated mainly by the survivors of the Mutiny of the Bounty it is to a certain point self-governing under an administrator.

Largest cities:
Total area: 35 sq. km.
Population:
Approximate width west to east:
Approximate height, north to south:
Highest point:
HEARD ISLAND
Heard Island is a dependency near the Antarctic

Largest cities:
Total area: 370 sq. km.
Population:
Approximate width west to east:
Approximate height, north to south:
Highest point:
CHRISTMAS ISLAND
Christmas Island is located off the north west coast of Western Australia

Largest cities:
Total area: 135 sq. km.
Population:
Approximate width west to east:
Approximate height, north to south:
Highest point:

Copyright Peter W. Wilkins 2006